An Inspector Calls by J.B Priestley

In our literature class, with Pato Chujman, we started reading An Inspector Calls, by J.B Priestley.

Edwardian era:

  • Class division
  • Social injustice
  • Change in the economic system
  • Women social & política Union was created
  • Number of servants decreased

Victorian Era:

  • Class división
  • Only men could vote
  • Division of classes
  • Scientific, medical, technological advances
  • Industrial revolution
  • Kids were ill-treated in factores and mines
  • Unemployment/ poor working conditions
  • Population grew

The characters:

  • Gerald Croft–> Shelia’s Birling fiancée. He is a liar, since he told Sheila that he was very busy at work but he wasn’t. He is part of the upper class, so that’s the reason why Arthur wants him to marry her daughter, it meant more money.
  • Arthur Birling that was the father. He believed businessman know better, that wars will end because nobody wants wars, that the world was progressing really fast and that WW1 wouldn’t even start
  • Eric Birling –> son. Loves drinking. The black ship of the family.
  • Shelia Birling –> daughter
  • Sybill Birling–> mother
  • Edna –> maid
  • Inspector Goole 

The background of the story:

It was written in 1945, but the story takes place in 1912. Priestly was against Capitalism and in the story Arthur Birling is shown as a capitalist man. The story is set in the Edwardian Era, were there was prosperity for the middle class and industrialist. But also, the working class was discontent which led to strikes.

Act 1

Gerald and Mr Birling are alone

Read their conversation ( p. 8-9-10-11 upto Edna speaking)

-What are they talking about?

-They are talking about mr birling trying to enter to the honours list as a Knighthood. Mr Birling says that he had some hints that he will be chosen and Gerald congratulates him.

-Whats Mr Birling hoping to get?

-A Knighthood in the next Honours list

-Mr birling vs Geralds mother                              ~what is reveald in this conversation?     ~How does A. Birling feel as regards the crofts?

Its reveald that the Birlings have a secret that the knighthood honors list cant find out.  He feels that he can trust them because he told Sherald.

-According to Mr Birling, whats a mans responsability? ( quote from the play)

Acording to Mr Birling “a man has to make his own way – has to look after himself – and his family too, of course, when he has one- and so long as he does that he winr come to much harm. Bur the way some of these cranks talk and write now, you’d think everybody has to look up after everybody else, as iF we were all mixed up together like bees in a hive – community and all that nonsense

-They mention ” a scandal” , secrets that may affect characters in the future (literary device?)

Forshadowing

8/4

Today, with Pato Chujman, our literarure teacher, we did some questions about the first act of An Inspector Calls. I did my 5 questions with Ines Galmarini and Lola Villegas.

Questions 9-14:

A New Design

Questions 19 to 23:

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Questions 12 to 17:

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Questions 1 to 5:

Captura de pantalla 2016-04-11 20.07.00

Questions 24 to 27:

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Questions 6-10:

An Inspector Calls

Questions 15 to 20:

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Questions 3 to 7:

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Act 2:

Then we finished reading act 2.

First we did a mind map showing the relation Eva Smith had with each character.

 

Second we answer some questions from the book.

1) What is the mood at the dining room at the start of act 2?

The mood in the dining room at the start of the act two is tense because the first act finished with a lot of tension since Gerald had told Sheila that he cheated on her.

2)Why do Gerald and Sheila react “bitterly” to each other?

They react bitterly to each other because Sheila found out that Gerald was having an affair with Daisy Renton that was Eva Smith.

6)How does Mrs Birling re-enter the dinning-room? Why does Sheila warn her?

Mrs birling entered as she didn’t have nothing to do with Eva Smith and Sheila warned her that  she didn’t have to separate herself from her because the inspector always found a connection.

7)What is Mrs Birling’s attitude to Eva Smith?

The attitude that Mrs. Birling had with Eva Smith was mean and selfish, because when Eva smith told Mrs Birling that she was expecting a baby she said that she had to go ask the father for help not them. She also isn’t understanding the situation because she is from a higher social status, she has never been that desperate.

19)How does the Inspector’s attitude start to change?

The inspector starts acting suspicious and threatening.

20)What makes Sheila suddenly aware of Eric’s involvement?

Sheila realises because she is the only one that can read the inspector and the inspector was being very obvious and dropping a lot of hints.

21)Why does Mrs Birling react in a “frightened” way?

Mrs Birling had just told the inspector that the man who had given her stolen money, Eric, had to suffer serious consequences and that he was entirely responsible for her death, and in that scene she just realised that the man was Eric.

22)What is the mood at the dining-room as Eric re-enters?

There is a lot of tension and everyone is scared of what is going to happen next.

Futhermore, we analyse each character. I did ir with Lola Villegas

Shelia Birling
– She is described as a «pretty girl in her early twenties, very pleased with life and rather excited»
– Shelia is the only character who understands the inspector’s game. «he is giving us the rope- so that we’ll hang ourselves» She warns the others.
– She is very suspicious and perceptive, she is the first to consider whether the inspector may not be real. Furthermore, she is curious yet very mature, because she was not angry at Gerald when he told the story about how he cheated on her.
– She is compassionate, she shows compassion when she hears of her fathers treatment to Eva Smith «But these girls aren’t cheap labour, they’re people»
– Shelia feels full of guilt for getting Eva fired, she blames herself completely as «really responsible» This is why, she couldn’t understand how her parents cannot have learnt from the evening in the same way that she has, they were still refusing the blame. She was angry at them. «Pretend that nothing happened»
– During the play, she gets much wiser. Her social conscience awakes and she gets aware of her responsibilities.

Mrs Sybil Birling
– She is described as «about fifty, a rater cold woman and her husband’s social superior»
– She is a snob, very aware of different social classes, dismissing Eva saying «Girl of that class».
– She has the least respect of the inspector trying, unsuccessfully, to intimidate him and force him to leave by lying.
– She sees Shelia and Eric as «children».
– Sybil tries to deny things she does not want to believe, like Eric’s drinking and the fact that a working class woman would refuse money by saying «She was giving herself ridiculous airs»
– She could not accept the blame. She thinks it was her «duty» to refuse to help her. She claims, that the father of the child should be the one who takes care of her. Obviously, she didn’t know that the father was Eric.
– At the end of the play, she accepts that Eric drinks and got pregnant helping a poor woman stealing money to his father. Moreover, she accepts that Shelia is not going to marry Gerald. But anyway, she does not accept the blame for Eva’s suicide.

Eric Birling
– He is described as «in his early twenties, not quite at ease, half shy half assertive»
– He seems embarrassed and awkward «Eric suddenly guffaws»
– He has a tension relationship with his father
– He is a hardener drinker «I have attired that he does drink pretty hard»
-Eric support workers and not his father. He states «why wouldn’t they try for higher wages?
-He feels, like Shelia, guilt and frustration»Oh-my God! – how stupid it all is!»
-He has a sense of responsibility since he steals money to give it to Shelia.
– He cant believe that his parents could not accept the blame. «I’m ashamed of you» Eric stood up to his father
-At the end, like Shelia, he is fully aware of social responsibility.

Arthur Birling

«heavy-looking, rather portentousman in his middle fifties but rather provincial in his speech.»Worked his way up in the world and is proud about it. He tries (and fails) to impress the Inspector about his local standing and his influential friends. «I was an Alderman for years – and Lord Mayor two years ago – and I’m still on the Bench – so I know the Brumley police officers very well (…)»He is proud that he is likely to be knighted, as that would move him even higher in social circles. «there’s a fair chance that I might find my way into the next Honours list. Just a knighthood, of course.»He is happy about the celebration not because of Sheila’s happiness but because merger with Crofts Limited would be good for his business. «Your father and I have been friendly rivals in business (…) and now you’ve brought us toghether».Optimistic for the future and believes that there won’t be a war. «you’ll hear some people say that war is inevitable (…) nobody wants war.»Extremely selfishBelieves that socialist ideas that stress the importance of the community are «nonsense» and that «a man needs to make his own way.»He wants to protect Birling & Co and can’t see he was wrong when he fired Eva because he was just looking after his business.Wants to protect his reputation. He’s worried about what the press would think and he wants to hide the fact that Eric stole money. «I’ve got to cover this up as soon as I can.»At the end of the play, he knows that he has lost his opportunity fo the knighthood, his reputation in Brumley and the change of Birling & Co merging with the rivals. However, he refuses to accept his part in Eva’s death and doesn’t learn the lesson.
Gerald Croft

«an attractive chap about thirty, rather too manly to be a dandy but very much the easy well-bred man-about-town.»An aristocrat, his parents are not overly impressed by his marriage because they didn’t show up to the celebration. «It’s a pity that Sir George and – er – Lady Croft can’t be with us».Not as willing as Sheila to admit his involment in Eva’s death.He did have genuine feelings for Daisy Renton. «She was young and pretty and warm-hearted – and intensely grateful.»In act 3 he tries to gather evidence that the Inspector is fake. He tries to protect himself rather than change himself.At the end of the play, he hasn’t changed; he hasn’t gained a.new sense of social responsibility.

Eva Smith
-She is described as «very pretty-sift brown hair and big dark eyes»
-Her parents were dead
-She came from outside Bromley «country bred»
-Working class
-She had a diary

Inspector goole
-«A man in his fifties (…) he speaks carefully, weightily, and has a disconcerning habit of looking hard at the person he adresses before actually speaking.»
-Works very sistematically. His method is to confront the suspect with a piece of information and then make them talk. «he’s giving us the rope – so that we’ll hang ourselves.»
-Figure of authority, deals with each member of the family very firmly.
-Seems to know and understand an extraordinary amount.
-Knows the story of Eva Smith and the Birling’s involvement in it.
-He knows things are going to happen.
-He loses his patience towards the end of the play and is in a great hurry.
-He leaves the family with the message ‘We are responsible for each other’ and warns them of the ‘fire and blood and anguish’ that will result if they don’t learn the lesson.
– The end suggests that the Inspector isn’t a real person – God? A ghost? The voice of their conciences

Last but not least, we analyse the theams which are: using power firnthe worng, social responsibility, guilt and consiencie, acceptance, an inequality society and relationships

 

The Lost Woman by Patricia Beer

The Lost Woman
By Patricia Beer

Before reading the poem, we searched information about the writer, we check S2 blogs and watched an slideshare made by Juan Cruz Subira and Gaston Posse about Contemporary Literature features.

The poem:
My mother went with no more warning
than a bright voice and a bad pain.
Home from school on a June morning
And where the brook goes under the lane
I saw the back of a shocking white
Ambulance drawing away from the gate.
She never returned and I never saw       
Her buried. So a romance began.
The ivy-mother turned
into a tree
That still hops away like a rainbow down
The avenue as I approach.
My tendrils are the ones that clutch.
I made a life for her over the years.
Frustrated no more by a dull marriage
She ran a canteen through several wars.
The wit of a cliché-ridden village
She met her match at an extra-mural
Class and the OU summer school.
Many a hero in his time
And every poet has acquired
A lost woman to haunt the home,
To be compensated and desired,
Who will not alter, who will not grow,
A corpse they need never get to know.
She is nearly always benign. Her habit
Is not to stride at dead of night.
Soft and crepuscular in rabbit-
Light she comes out. Hear how they hate
Themselves for losing her as they did.
Her country is bland and she does not chide.
But my lost woman evermore snaps
From somewhere else: ‘You did not love me.
I sacrificed too much perhaps,
I showed you the way to rise above me
And you took it. You are the ghost

The information about the writer:
Born: November 4, 1919
Exmouth, Devon
Died: August 15 1999
Upottery, Devon
– When she was 14 her mother died so her main theme is death
– She was an English poet, critic, novelist, memorist, and literary academic.
– She started writing poetry after the World War One.
-She wrote «New Romantic» poetry or Contemporary Literature

The presentation:

http://www.slideshare.net/mobile/totaaalupiii/contemporary-literature-features

The summary of it:
– Multiple narrators
– A mixture of pastiche of subjects and genres
– Modern narrative
– Influenced by World war 2
– Literature that comments upon itself
– Contains characters that behave the way most readers would
– The story is set in the present
– Setting is seen at least as a real place
– It has to deal with reality
– Dialogue is informal and conversational and often includes regional dialects
– Experimentation with form and structure
– Reflects the author’s perspective

Games at Twilight presentation

With our literature teacher, Pato Chujman, we had to do a presentation about Games at Twilight. I did it with Juana Perez Muniz and Lola Villegas Argento.

 

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/10DxnNyieImr1KK7-UxWDl8uRElEXY-GYvPm3tPst7HM/edit#slide=id.p

Comparison of Romantic poems: The Clod and the Pebble, Passion and She was a Phantom of Delight

Today our literature teacher, Pato Chujman, gave us the assignment of looking up the romantic elements in the poems: The Clod and the Pebble, Passion and She was a Phantom of Delight. I did it with Milagros Montanelli and Martina ibarbia.

ComparisonofRomanticpoems

She Was a Phantom of Delight by William Wordsworth

Today, with our literature teacher, Pato, we started reading the story «She was a Phantom of Delight» but first he searched about the author.

Birth: 7th of April 1770

Death: 23th of April 1850

Influence on the writer: living on the Lake District.

Who is the poem for: his wife, Mary

Read the poem and check the meaning of new words. Sigue leyendo

My essay of the Literature Term Test

Here is the essay that I did on the second Term Test.

Explore how the writer of Passion treats with love and nature.

Kathleen Raine tackles love and nature in her poem Passion. In the following essay, this idea will be explained.

First, I am going to talk about how Kathleen Raine handles love. In the first three stanzas, there is a voice desperate for being loved back by her beloved. «Possessing what my soul lacked, tranquility´´ with this quote, we understand how nervous she was because of unrequited love, she was getting crazy. «With the well-known and mortal death, heartbreak« meaning that she was broken in pieces for not being love back. In the third stanza, we read that, she couldn’t even talk or write. We realize how horrible loneliness is.

Secondly, I’m going to talk about how the writer handles nature. When the main voice is already devastated, the sky spoke to her, being a personification of nature. The sky told her that nature is so much important than being in love with some human beings. ´´Lift your heart again with no fear´´ meaning that she didn’t have to be afraid for being devastated again because now she had nature, and nature will never leave her side. By saying this, the main voice started seeing the word in a different way, in a good way. Seeing that the real passion is in nature.

In conclusion, Kathleen Raine deals with love and nature in her poem Passion.

Literature assignment

Our literature teacher Pato, gave us an assignment that involves all the poems that we have read threw the year, which are; The Clod and The Pebble, Love lll, Passion and Lovers’ Infiniteness.

1) What is «love» for each of the voices in the poems?

The Clod and The Pebble:

CLOD: generous, happy
PEBBLE: selfish, unhappy

Love lll: religious love, God loves us even if we do the most terrible thong in the world.

Passion: Nature love, since it’s immortal and trustful.

Lovers’ infiniteness: Love is all.

2) Which poems deals with «earthly love»? Explain

The poems that tackles earthy love are The Clod and The Pebble, Passion and Lovers’ Infiniteness because they are or suffering because of his beloved, or in the case of the Clod, enjoying mortal love.

3) Which poems deals with «spiritual love»? Explain

The poems that deals with spiritual love are Love lll and Passion, since they both found something to love that it isn’t mortal, for instance God and Nature.

4) Which is your favorite poem? Why?

My favorite poem is «The Clod and The Pebble» because I think that is very creative to show the to sides of love, since everything in life has to sides, the good and bad things. It leaves you the message, that being in love is wonderful, but you take risk doing it, because you can get hurt.

5) Which is your favorite quotation?

My favorite quotation is «Love seeketh not itself to please» because it describes the goodness of love. Also, because the Pebble, said the same but meaning the contrary.

Lovers’ Infinitensess

Today, we start reading a poem called «Lovers’ Infiniteness» but first he search a little bit about the author, John Donne.

John Donne was born on 1572 and died on 1631. He was a metaphysical poet, so his main topics were love and religion.

To understand more the poem we look up some words.
Thy: your
Thee: you
Canst/hadst/gavest: can/had/gave
Doth: does
Thou: thee: you
Vowed: An earnest promise to perform a specified act or behave in a certain manner, especially a solemn promise to live and act in accordance with the rules of a religious order.
Stocks: undiminished store.
We analysed the first paragraph:

• Speaker: man
• Adressee: woman
• A man is talking to his beloved. He loves her with all his heart and she didn’t
• Tone: heartbroken, depress and dissapointed
• First: all or nothing

We analyses the second paragraph:

• He said, well maybe you gave me all your love but now, new love appear and you didn’t promised to me
• Maybe there are other mens
• But whatever grows in your heart is mine
• He is very possesive

After analysing them we answer some questions.

Stanza 1:
1. Summarize the stanza with your own words.
2. Find an example of hyperbaton.
3. Find words in connection to business. What is love for the speaker?
4. What’s “all” for the voice?

Answers:
1. The voice says that if he doesn’t have all her love now, he’s never going to have it.
2. “Sighs, tears, and oaths, and letters I have spent”
3. Purchase, due, bargain. He thinks that he needs to work for love.
4. Her love; that this woman loves him and only him.

Stanza 2:
1. Summarize stanza 2.
2. “Other men” Explain.
3. “Outbid me” Explain.
4. Explain the last two lines.
5. What methaphor does he use now?

Answers:
1. He knows that there is more love in her heart and he doesn’t know who is she going to give it to. The voice is afraid the girl won’t give him that love because she never promised it would be for him.
2. The people he considers as his competitors, candidates, threats.
3. That the other men offer more to the girl; give her more than he does.
4. The voice says he is the owner of her heart and that he wants everything that is in it; all her love.
5. He compares love with nature.

Stanza 3:

divine love– instead of thinking in spiritual terms, the voice and the lady got married

Themes:
-divine vs.  earthly love
-marriage

-eternal love

-spiritual love

 

Idealistic: an idealistic person dreams with perfection

Is this an idealistic poem?
In my opinion, this poem is idealistic because the main voice dreams with the perfect love, the perfect caring that they, he and his beloved, should have.

Can you see any metaphysical characteristics in the poem?

A metaphysical poet is the writer who writes about religion and love. So, yes, because first he talks about love, earthly love, and then starts talking about marriage, about being one person with your beloved.

WE LEARN A NEW LITERARY TERMS:

• Lyrical «I»: don’t know the gender, it could be he, she or it.
• Addresse: the person who the voice is talking to
• Hyperbaton: playing wih a regular position of words in a sentence to emphasize.

We analyze it everything in a slideshare.

The Prison by Bernard Malamud

With our literature teacher, Pato Chujman, we start reading the story «Prison» by Bernard Malamud.

In our first class we search about the author.

I took notes about the writer, Bernard Malamud .
• Born in April 26 1914
• Died in March 18 1986
• Grew up in Brooklyn
• Worked in a factory and
• He was a professor

He’s themes were:
• Mythic elements
• Isolation
• Social classes
• Conflict between high class and artistic values

Awards:
• National book award for fiction x2
• Pulitzer prize for fiction
• O Henry award
• Pen/Malamud award

We also analyse the paragraphs
I took down notes:

• The main character, Tony Castelli, was 29, he had past mistakes
• People decide everything for him
• His marriage was an arrangement
• His wife, Rosa, started calling Tony for Tommy so he lost his identity
• The landlord resolved a crime problem, he was fighting with his gang
• Rosa’s father open a candy store for him to run
• Rosa was rich
• Tony’s dreams were crushed, he was doomed
• Doomed: destined to fail, he make an attempt to change and it gone worst
• He can’t make any decision for his own

• Tommy started looking for money distributing punchboards and putting a slot machine
• He is giving up
• Rosa’s father got angry and broke the machine
• He curses the candy store, rosa and hia unhappy life
• But he wasn’t doing nothin because of fear
• He is dead alive

If he can not put his thoughts into actions he will be in his prison forever.

Specular moment–> he with the girl

We did a Slideshare analysing it.

This is a summary I did with Rochi and Maria.
The story prison by Bernard Malamud is about Tommy, who is the main character, can’t control his life. He was a thief when he was a kid so nobody trusted his decisions. His father made an arrange marrige with the father of Rosa. When they got married, even though Tommy didnt want to, his father-in-law gave them as present a candy store, they arranged all hos life and he didnt say nothing. Tommy kept all to him self and didnt complaine, but Rosa was the opposite of Tommy. She wanted to seem strong even if she was sad because society made her like that. Tommy was doomed. A little girl always came to the store asking paper, and one day he realized that she was stealing. In that moment Tommy had a specular moment with the little girl because he used to be a thief. He didnt want the girl to end up like him. Trying to help her Tommy had an epiphanic moment and realized that the person he needs to help is himeself. At the end Tommy has an outbreak and contradicts Rosa, which made Rosa cry because of humiliation.

Bonus Track:
1) What did Rosa do to the girl when she found her stealing?
Rosa started calling the girl a thief.
2) How is this foreshadowed earlier in the story?
In my opinion, the foreshadowing is when Rosa´s father called Tommy a thief for buying the slot machine.