Seamus Heaney Poetry

Biography of the writer:

  • Eldest member of the family
  • Nine siblings
  • Father is a farmer
  • Father’s real commitment was to cattle-dealing
  • Uncle cared for him after the early death of his own parents
  • his parentage thus contains both the Ireland of the cattle-herding Gaelic past and the Ulster of the Industrial Revolution
  • Heaney grew up as a country boy and attended the local primary school.
  • As a very young child, he watched American soldiers on manoeuvres in the local fields, in preparation for the Normandy invasion of 1944
  • Born in between war
  • 1995 won nobel prize

First poem (Vicky): digging


  • The world digging connects with the fact  that Seamus Heaney was raced in a farm.
  • They are digging the farm (literary) and he is digging inside (internal journey to be able to discover what he wants to do)

Tone: reflection, admiration, pride

Theme: family history, epiphany

Rite of passage:

  1. An attainable object of desire —> the pen
  2. Trespassing  the father figure authority —> he does not want to do what his father wants him to do
  3. A dare —> cut off rutes with the family
  4. Understand the mischief —> confess and tell the family he does not want to be a farmer
  5. Apologizing —> feeling sorry because of finishing the legacy

What the poem is about: the voice is going back in his history and watching the family work. He understands what his legacy is but he denies it since he did not want to follow what his grandfather and father do, he wants to be a writer and cut the roots of his legacy.

Epiphanic moment: he cannot work on on the land because he wants to be a writer  

Metaphor: ‘snug as a gun’ the gun wants to express that the pen is as dangerous as a weapon. He cannot write because he is eliminating the legacy as weapons eliminate life.

Seamus life: the poem connects to Seamus’s life since he is describing the moment he realized he did not want to continue working in the fields. He wanted to do what he was born to do, write. In the poem he exploits the moment of revelation he had, by digging with his pen inside him. He discovers what would make him happy and defies the family tradition and figure. His happiness is more important than what his family would think about him.

Second poem: Ignacio Death of a naturalist

The rite of passage in “Death of a Naturalist” is portrayed by the emphasis done Heaney on the loss of innocence the voice of the poem passes through after observing two frogs reproducing themselves. The object of desire in this case would be the wish to adquire more knowledge, in this case, by observing the frogs.

Third poem: Lola Personal Helicon 

  • The poem describes the voice’s childhood, in this case Heaney’s
  • We can appreciate the transition from his childhood to his adulthood
  • When he was young he was obsessed with wells, but now he no longer cares for childish obsessions. However, he expresses how the wells are a source of inspiration for his writing

Songs and Literature

Radiohead – idioteque

Buography of the band:

Radiohead are an English rockband formed in Abingdon-on-Thames in 1985. The band consists of Thom Yorke (vocals, guitar, piano, keyboards), brothers Jonny Greenwood (lead guitar, keyboard, other instruments) and Colin Greenwood (bass), Ed O’Brien (guitar, backing vocals) and Philip Selway (drums, percussion). They have worked with producer Nigel Godrich and cover artist Stanley Donwood since 1994.

Video of the song:


The pictures:


Critizising the society as it is

The world is awful

The world could be worst than this

People have to awake

Society does not care about what is happening


A warning



In my opinion, this song is about beggining to feel that everything is going to go down. ‘Ice age coming’ This quote means that the worst is yet to come. ‘I have seen too much. I haven’t seen enough’. In other words, I have seen the world as awful as it is but it can be worst than this so I have not seen it all. He is warning us.

Literary devices:

‘Let me hear both sides
Let me hear both sides
Let me hear both’ Repetition to emphazise he does not want his pessimistic view of the world to be true but he does not see another possibility anyway.

‘I’ll laugh until my head comes off’ Visual image to prove that he had warned us and when the worst happens because we did not listen to him, he will laugh.

‘Who’s in a bunker?
Who’s in a bunker?’ Repetition to makes us understand that most of us are inside bunkers and not knowing or not caring of what happens in the rest of the world.


Task 1:

Task 2: Copy this essay in your blog and add connectors.

Causes and Effects of Uncontrolled Urbanization

If you are an urban dweller, you may know the real meaning of urbanization. 1. However, this does not always indicate your sufficient insight in the “uncontrolled urbanization”  topic too. To form a causal chain, it is right to say that more jobs, more services in the urban side and absence of land in the countryside force people to migrate to larger cities which brings about uncontrolled urbanization. 2.Yet, some problems arise such as unemployment,inadequacy of infrastructure/services and some environmentally unwanted events as well as unpleasant demographic incidents.

3.After all, it is a good point to dig up the reasons for people to come to larger cities. First of all, by all accounts, cities are perceived to offer a wide variety of job opportunities on the grounds that there are very different branches of  businesses in cities. Inasmuch as unemployment level is hugely high in the rural areas and the work is only about farming in contrast to countless business sectors in chief cities, more and more people choose searching for their chances in the metropolis.

4. Here it comes another significant reason: There are better services in cities. As a matter of fact, transportation is extremely developed so as to make use of time efficiently. Medical services are supported with the latest technological improvements, there are unbelievably modern hospitals. 5. In addition, education is taken into account seriously. There are very high-quality schools with excellent teachers, teaching with up-to-date techniques. None of these can be found in the rural areas, at this stage.

6. Between factors causing migration to big cities, there is a strong push factor stemming from absence of enough land. It would be very hard and useless to cultivate the land if it is too small to make an agricultural production. One important thing triggers this incident increasingly during the last years; namely, division of land. To explain, in the rural areas when someone dies, the inheritance would usually be the land. 7. Therefore, the land is divided into many parts due to the fact that in the countryside it is common to have lots of children and they all have rights to take one part of the inherited land. 8. But, what they get are useless small lands rather than a gigantic land which is capable of making a great deal of agricultural production itself. The inability to do the only thing, farming, again brings about migration to big cities with the hopes of making money.

As mentioned earlier, all these facts and figures necessitate uncontrolled urbanization, in the midst of the causal chain. 9. But, what are the side effects and drawbacks of this growth?


Fill in the blank spaces with connectors such as: whereas, but, although, however, despite

  1. Dave smokes … he seems to be in good health.
  2. I couldn’t sleep … I was tired.
  3. Kate never learnt Spanish … she lived in Spain many years.
  4. It was raining very heavily … they continued the match.
  5. Some people enjoy city life … others prefer the quiet of the country.
  6. … Jon won the race, he didn’t feel happy.
  7. She was very intelligent … she pretended not to understand.

To the evening star

William Blake

Task 1:

  • Had visions
  • Studied gothic art
  • Influenced by religion —> got married in a church
  • He stopped going to school when he learned to read and write 
  • His wife was an-alphabet
  • He was unfairly accused by  a policeman
  • His first proposal to marriage was declined —> unrequited love
  • He was an artist —> draw his poems sketches 


  • Portray of feelings through nature
  • Love and protection of nature
  • Difference between romanticism and enlightenment
  • The temptations of the night 
  • Love shall be prevailed through the elements of the nights
  • Day is different than night
  • Light is different than darkness
  • Innocence is different than experience
  • Venus find light at night


  • A sonet
  • Couplet: message 
  • Voice: a person
  • Addressee: the star (‘angel’)
  • Personification
  • Topic=Sleep-religion
  • Venus = first star to appear
  • Venus is the romantic goddess of love and sexuality 


  • Fully alliterative 
  • ‘S’ —> silence of the night
  • Personification ‘star’
  • Metaphor —> ‘blue curtains of the sky’  (night)
  • Oxymoron ‘speak silence ‘
  • Auditory and visual images
  • Blake proceeds to describe the night and how the star and the dew protect is from the evil and temptations and help us to gave peaceful sleep

Topic: fear of the night temptations 


  • Religion
  • Secularity
  • Protection
  • Love
  • Faith
  • Sleep


  • Protective
  • Religion
  • Reflective
  • Calm
  • Worship
  • Binary
  • Opposite

Task 5: